Showing: 10 from total: 119 publications
1. Thermodynamic Stability of Fenclorim and Clopyralid
Almeida, ARRP ; Pinheiro, BDA ; Ferreira, AIMCL ; Monte, MJS
in MOLECULES, 2022, Volume: 27, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos 
Abstract The present work reports an experimental thermodynamic study of two nitrogen heterocyclic organic compounds, fenclorim and clopyralid, that have been used as herbicides. The sublimation vapor pressures of fenclorim (4,6-dichloro-2-phenylpyrimidine) and of clopyralid (3,6-dichloro-2-pyridinecarboxylic acid) were measured, at different temperatures, using a Knudsen mass-loss effusion technique. The vapor pressures of both crystalline and liquid (including supercooled liquid) phases of fenclorim were also determined using a static method based on capacitance diaphragm manometers. The experimental results enabled accurate determination of the standard molar enthalpies, entropies and Gibbs energies of sublimation for both compounds and of vaporization for fenclorim, allowing a phase diagram representation of the (p,T) results, in the neighborhood of the triple point of this compound. The temperatures and molar enthalpies of fusion of the two compounds studied were determined using differential scanning calorimetry. The standard isobaric molar heat capacities of the two crystalline compounds were determined at 298.15 K, using drop calorimetry. The gas phase thermodynamic properties of the two compounds were estimated through ab initio calculations, at the G3(MP2)//B3LYP level, and their thermodynamic stability was evaluated in the gaseous and crystalline phases, considering the calculated values of the standard Gibbs energies of formation, at 298.15 K. All these data, together with other physical and chemical properties, will be useful to predict the mobility and environmental distribution of these two compounds.

2. Study on the volatility of four benzaldehydes
Almeida, ARRP ; Pinheiro, BDA ; Ferreira, AIMCL ; Monte, MJS
in THERMOCHIMICA ACTA, 2022, ISSN: 0040-6031,  Volume: 717, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos 
Abstract This work reports the experimental determination of relevant thermodynamic properties of four benzaldehydes. The vapor pressures of both crystalline and liquid phases (including supercooled liquid) of syringaldehyde, 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde, 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde and of the liquid phase of veratraldehyde were determined using a static method based on capacitance diaphragm manometers. Additionally, the sublimation vapor pressures of the four compounds were also determined at different temperatures, using the Knudsen mass -loss effusion method. The experimental results allowed accurate determination of the standard molar enthalpies, entropies and Gibbs energies of sublimation and of vaporization for the benzaldehydes studied, at reference temperatures, allowing phase diagram representations of the (p,T) results, in the neighborhood of the triple point of the four compounds. Their temperatures and molar enthalpies of fusion were determined using differential scanning calorimetry and were compared with the ones obtained indirectly through vapor pressure measure-ments. Using high-precision drop calorimetry, the standard isobaric molar heat capacities of the four crystalline benzaldehydes were determined at 298.15 K. The enthalpy of the intermolecular hydrogen bond O-H...O in the crystalline phase of syringaldehyde was estimated.

3. Thermodynamic Properties of Moldy-Musty Contaminants of Wine
Almeida, ARRP ; Pinheiro, BDA ; Lima, CFRAC ; Santos, AFLOM ; Ferreira, ACS ; Almeida Paz, FAA ; Monte, MJS
in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING DATA, 2019, ISSN: 0021-9568,  Volume: 64, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos 
Abstract This paper reports thermodynamic properties of phase transitions of 2,4,6-trichloro and 2,4,6-tribromo anisoles and of 2,4,6-tribromophenol. The vapor pressures of both crystalline and liquid phases (including supercooled liquid) of the three compounds were measured, respectively, in the temperature ranges T = (297.1 to 368.3) K, T = (330.7 to 391.7) K, and T = (336.5 to 401.7) K, using a static method based on capacitance diaphragm manometers. Moreover, the sublimation vapor pressures of 2,4,6-tribromophenol were also measured in the temperature interval (307.2 to 329.2) K, using a Knudsen mass-loss effusion technique. The standard molar enthalpies, entropies, and Gibbs energies of sublimation and of vaporization, at reference temperatures, were derived from the experimental results as well as the (p,T) values of the triple point of each compound. The temperatures and molar enthalpies of fusion of the three benzene derivatives were determined using differential scanning calorimetry and were compared with the values derived indirectly from the vapor pressure measurements. The thermodynamic results were discussed together with the available literature data for 2,4,6-trichlorophenol. To help rationalize the phase behavior of these substances, the crystallographic structure of 2,4,6-tribromophenol was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

4. Volatility and thermodynamic stability of vanillin
Almeida, ARRP ; Freitas, VLS ; Campos, JIS ; Ribeiro da Silva, MDMCR ; Monte, MJS
in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS, 2019, ISSN: 0021-9614,  Volume: 128, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos 
Abstract Vanillin is a naturally occurring phenolic aldehyde that is world-wide known for its flavouring properties. This work reports an extensive experimental and computational study of its thermodynamic properties. The vapour pressures of crystalline and liquid phases of vanillin were measured in the following temperature ranges T = (321.0-350.7) K and (324.9-382.3) K respectively, using a static method based on diaphragm capacitance gauge. Additionally, the crystalline vapour pressures were also measured in the temperature interval T = (303.1-325.2) K, using a Knudsen mass-loss effusion technique. The standard molar enthalpies, entropies and Gibbs energies of sublimation and of vaporization, at selected reference temperatures, were derived from the vapour pressure measurements. The enthalpies of vaporization and of sublimation, at T = 298.15 K, were also determined using Calvet microcalorimetry and the standard (p degrees = 10(5) Pa) molar enthalpy of formation, in the crystalline phase, at T = 298.15 K, was derived from its standard massic energy of combustion measured by static-bomb combustion calorimetry. From the experimental results, the standard molar enthalpy of formation in the gaseous phase, at T = 298.15 K, was calculated and compared with the values estimated by employing quantum chemical calculations. To analyse the thermodynamic stability of vanillin, the standard Gibbs energies of formation in crystalline and gaseous phases were calculated. The molar enthalpy of fusion determined using DSC is compared with indirect results determined using Calvet microcalorimetry and vapour pressure measurements. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

5. Thermodynamic properties of phase transitions of phenyl derivatives of maleic anhydride and oxazole
Oliveira, JASA ; Morais, VMF ; Monte, MJS
in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS, 2019, ISSN: 0021-9614,  Volume: 131, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos 
Abstract An experimental study of the vapour pressures and related thermodynamic properties of three phenyl derivatives of maleic anhydride and oxazole is reported. The vapour pressures of the crystalline phase of these compounds were measured at different temperatures using the Knudsen mass-loss effusion method, enabling the determination of the standard (p degrees = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies, entropies and Gibbs energies of sublimation. The enthalpies and temperatures of fusion were determined from DSC experiments. Quantum chemical calculations were used to calculate gas-phase isobaric heat capacities and absolute entropies. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

6. Vapour pressures and thermodynamic stability of the three aminophenol isomers
Almeida, ARRP ; Notario, R ; Monte, MJS
in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS, 2019, ISSN: 0021-9614,  Volume: 129, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos 
Abstract The Knudsen mass-loss effusion method was used to determine the sublimation vapour pressures, at different temperatures, of ortho and para aminophenols in the temperature intervals T = (321.1 to 343.3) K and T= (337.2 to 359.2) K, respectively. The vapour pressures of crystalline meta-aminophenol were measured using the referred to above technique, between (321.4 and 343.3) K, and a static method, based on capacitance diaphragm manometers, between (354.4 and 391.8) K. The latter technique was also used to measure the liquid vapour pressures of this isomer over the temperature range T = (370.0 to 423.3) K. The experimental results enabled the determination of the standard (p(0) = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies, entropies and Gibbs energies of sublimation, at T = 298.15 K, of the three compounds, and of vaporization of the meta isomer. The standard enthalpies of formation in the gaseous phase were calculated using quantum chemical calculations and also by combining literature results of enthalpies of formation in the crystalline phase with the sublimation enthalpies results determined in this work. Gas-phase absolute entropies and heat capacities of the three compounds studied were also calculated using theoretical methods. The standard Gibbs energies of formation in crystalline and gaseous phases were determined and used to evaluate the thermodynamic stability of the three isomers in standard conditions. DSC analysis enabled the determination of the temperature and molar enthalpies of fusion of the compounds studied. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

7. Pressão de vapor
Monte, M ; CIQUP/ Universidade do Porto,
in Revista de Ciência Elementar, 2018, ISSN: 2183-1270,  Volume: 6, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref 

8. Volatility and chemical stability of chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten hexacarbonyls
Monte, MJS ; Almeida, ARRP ; Notario, R
in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY, 2018, ISSN: 1388-6150,  Volume: 132, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos 
Abstract The sublimation vapor pressures of three metallic (group 6) hexacarbonyls, Cr(CO)(6), Mo(CO)(6), and W(CO)(6), were measured using the Knudsen mass-loss effusion method. The standard (p (o) = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies, entropies, Gibbs energies, and heat capacity difference between the gas and solid state, at T = 298.15 K, were derived from the experimental results combined with selected literature ones covering a wide range of temperature. The temperatures and molar enthalpies of fusion of those compounds were measured using differential scanning calorimetry. The thermodynamic stability of the hexacarbonyls was evaluated taking into account the standard Gibbs energies of formation in the crystalline and gaseous phases. Gas-phase absolute entropies, heat capacities, and enthalpies of formation of the three compounds studied as well as the bond distances M-C and C-O were calculated.

9. Oxigénio ou o teatro da Química
Monte, M ; CIQUP/ Universidade do Porto,
in Revista de Ciência Elementar, 2017, ISSN: 2183-9697,  Volume: 5, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref 

10. Estimations of the thermodynamic properties of halogenated benzenes as they relate to their environment mobility
Monte, MJS ; Almeida, ARRP
in CHEMOSPHERE, 2017, ISSN: 0045-6535,  Volume: 189, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos 
Abstract In this work, several simple new equations for predicting important environmental mobility properties, at T = 298.15 K, were derived for halogenated benzenes: standard Gibbs energy of hydration, aqueous solubility, octanol-water partition coefficients, and Henry's law constants. A discussion on our previous estimates of other related properties (standard Gibbs energy and vapor pressure of sublimation and of vaporization) and their relation with entropy of fusion is also presented. As we aimed to estimate these properties for any of the ca. 1500 halogenated benzenes that may exist theoretically, an equation for estimating the temperature of fusion was also derived, since some of the proposed predictive equations (solubility of solids and Gibbs energy of sublimation) require its knowledge. For the other estimated properties just the number of each halogen that replaces hydrogen atoms in the halogenated benzene is needed. It was found that the coefficients that multiply the number of halogen atoms in the predictive equations vary linearly with the volume of the halogen atom.