Degree: Doctor

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Showing 5 latest publications. Total publications: 11
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1. Zinc Electrodeposition from deep eutectic solvent containing organic additives, Pereira, NM Pereira, CM Araujo, JP; Silva, AF in JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, 2017, ISSN: 1572-6657,  Volume: 801, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos  DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2017.08.019 P-00M-XP2
Abstract The effect of the addition of a group of organic additives on the electrodeposition behavior of zinc was investigated in choline chloride:ethylene glycol (ChC1:EG) eutectic mixture in the molar ratio of 1:2. Cyclic voltammograms recorded on steel electrode showed a cathodic peak is only observed after reversing of the scan. Chronoamperometric measurements indicated that the deposition of zinc occurs through 3D progressive nucleation mechanism. The morphology of the zinc deposits and was evident that additives influence the deposits morphologies. X-ray diffraction confirmed the presence of crystalline zinc and reveal the grain refinement effect obtained by using the additives selected where the smallest grain size of 31.7 nm was obtained in the presence of Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Moreover the XRD data showed that the addition of additives modified the preferential growth plane. The corrosion resistance properties of the electrodeposited Zn coatings were evaluated in 3% NaCI aqueous solution using potentiodynamic polarization. The results showed that the zinc film deposited with DMSO was the best corrosion resistant coating.

2. Enhanced Properties of Co-Sn Coatings Electrodeposited from Choline Chloride-Based Deep Eutectic Solvents, Pereira, NM Sousa, CT; Pereira, CM Araujo, JP; Fernando Silva, AF in CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN, 2017, ISSN: 1528-7483,  Volume: 17, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos  DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.7b00703 P-00N-3YF
Abstract Co-Sn alloy films were electrodeposited from choline chloride (ChC1)-ethylene glycol (EG) and choline chloride (ChCl1)-urea (U) eutectic mixtures. The deposition of Co-Sn alloy on a copper electrode was studied by cyclic voltammetry, which demonstrates that the coelectrodeposition was achieved. For comparison of properties, Co-Sn alloys were deposited from electrolytes with different Co/Sn ratios. The X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) showed that the phase structure was affected by the Co/Sn ratio; nevertheless, Co3Sn2 was always the predominant phase. Traces of metallic cobalt were also detected. The nature of the electrolyte used and the metallic composition affected the morphologies of the deposits and their corrosion resistance. The best corrosion resistant coating, with a corrosion potential of -617 mV, was composed by 44.4 wt % of Co and 55.6% of Sn, and it was obtained from the ChCl-EG electrolyte. The magnetic properties of the analyzed samples did not present an evident relationship with the metallic ions ratio in solution.

3. Electrodeposition of Co and Co composites with carbon nanotubes using choline chloride-based ionic liquids, Pereira, NM Brincoveanu, O; Pantazi, AG; Pereira, CM Araujo, JP; Fernando Silva, AF Enachescu, M; Anicai, L in SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, 2017, ISSN: 0257-8972,  Volume: 324, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos  DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2017.06.002 P-00R-3HD
Abstract The paper presents experimental results regarding the electrodeposition and characterization of cobalt and cobalt composites with carbon nanotubes from a choline-chloride-based deep eutectic solvent. Dispersion stability of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was excellent in the eutectic solvent used. According to Raman and XRD analysis, the carbon nanotubes were successfully inserted into the metallic matrix. Furthermore, XRD results suggested that the incorporation of CNTs on the deposit promoted a preferred orientation of the Co crystallites on (220) plane. The Co and Co-composites coatings obtained onto a copper substrate are adherent and uniform. Pure Co deposit was formed by sharp edge grains, Co-composites appeared to be less compact and formed by relatively spherical particles connected by MWCNTS. Furthermore, it was found that the presence of MWCNTs contributed to decreasing the deposit's roughness. From corrosion tests, Co-composite films exhibit a comparable or slightly better corrosion performance as compared to pure Co films.

4. Electrodeposition of Mn and Mn-Sn Alloy Using Choline Chloride-Based Ionic Liquids, Pereira, NM Pereira, CM Araujo, JP; Fernando Silva, AF in JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, 2017, ISSN: 0013-4651,  Volume: 164, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos  DOI: 10.1149/2.1421707jes P-00R-3HE
Abstract The deposition of Mn and Mn-Sn alloy from two deep eutectic solvents (DES) was investigated. Pure Mn deposits were powdery and amorphous regardless the DES used. In contrast, the manganese-tin deposits obtained from the two DES used were adherent. The morphology of the deposits obtained from the different DES was analyzed by SEM, which showed that pure Mn films were fibrous. The morphology of Mn-Sn deposits changed upon changing on the amount of tin in solution or the DES used. The phase composition of the Mn-Sn films were investigated by X-Ray diffraction, which showed that the deposits were formed by different MnxSny intermetallic phases. The metallic content in the deposit changed upon changing the bath composition or the DES used. Using the urea (U) based DES Mn-Sn deposits with a Sn content between 1.8 and 6.7 wt% were obtained. In contrast, using the ethylene glycol (EG) based DES the Sn content in the deposits varied between 33.2 and 59.0 wt%.

5. Influence of Amines on the Electrodeposition of Zn-Ni Alloy from a Eutectic-Type Ionic Liquid, Pereira, NM Pereira, CM Araujo, JP; Silva, AF in JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, 2015, ISSN: 0013-4651,  Volume: 162, 
Article,  Indexed in: crossref, scopus, wos  DOI: 10.1149/2.0161508jes P-00G-BZE
Abstract Zn alloys are considered an alternative to replace Cd in protective coatings. Among Zn alloys, Zn-Ni are those with the higher corrosion resistance and better mechanical characteristics. Although Zn-Ni alloy can be electrodeposited from eutectic-type ionic liquid the morphology of the deposits needs to be improved. The effect of ethylamine and ethylenediamine on the electrodeposition of Zn-Ni alloy was investigated from a eutectic-type ionic liquid (ethaline). The presence of the amines in the plating bath modified the CV and j-t profiles. The nucleation mechanism was also influenced by adding the amines to the solution and the deposition of Zn-Ni in the presence of ethylenediamine followed the 3D progressive mechanism. Electrodeposition of Zn-Ni alloy from ethaline gives origin to a deposit with small grain particles with partial coverage of the electrode. Using the same electrodeposition conditions, the addition of amines allowed the full coverage of the electrode surface. In the presence of ethylamine deposit was formed by globular particles and by hexagonal platelets for deposits obtained in the presence ethylenediamine. Corrosion of the Zn-Ni metallic films was evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization experiments. The lowest value for the corrosion potential was obtained for the deposit prepared in the presence of ethylenediamine.